Authors: Gaetan Michelet, Frank Breitinger



Generative AIs, especially Large Language Models (LLMs) such as ChatGPT or Llama, have advanced significantly, positioning them as valuable tools for digital forensics. While initial studies have explored the potential of ChatGPT in the context of investigations, the question of to what extent LLMs can assist the forensic report writing process remains unresolved. To answer the question, this article first examines forensic reports with the goal of generalization (e.g., finding the ‘average structure’ of a report). We then evaluate the strengths and limitations of LLMs for generating the different parts of the forensic report using a case study. This work thus provides valuable insights into the automation of report writing, a critical facet of digital forensics investigations. We conclude that combined with thorough proofreading and corrections, LLMs may assist practitioners during the report writing process but at this point cannot replace them.